小女人怎么成为丰满的大女人是女性们一直在探讨的话题丰胸产品。经过前辈们的经验累积,现在我们总算总结出了小女人丰胸的丰胸秘籍!那就是饮食补充丰胸产品粉嫩公主+穴位按摩+丰胸产品来丰胸丰胸方法,在了解这套丰胸方法之前,我们一起来看看究竟是什么原因,让我们胸“大”不起来呢丰胸效果?
  • Consultant St. Joseph Hospital,Lucknow
  • drsaifuddinchishti@gmail.com
  • Call : 6386573237
Thumb

Pleural Diseases


The pleura (ploor´-uh) is the membrane that lines your chest (thoracic) cavity and covers your lungs. The layers of your pleura contain a small amount of fluid that acts as a lubricant as you breathe in and out. The space between the layers is called the pleural cavity.

Pleural effusion, which is excess fluid in the pleural cavity, is one of the most common problems seen by primary care physicians.

Some estimates report an incidence of one million cases of pleural effusion in the United States each year.

CAUSES OF PLEURAL DISEASES

Pleural effusion is excess fluid in the pleural cavity. The most common cause is congestive heart failure. Other causes include lung cancer, pneumonia, tuberculosis, liver disease, pulmonary embolism, lupus, and reaction to certain medications.

Thumb

Pleurisy is pain associated with inflammation of the pleural cavity. The most common cause is a viral infection, such as influenza. Other causes include bacterial and fungal infections, lung cancer, other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and mesothelioma, and reaction to certain medications.

Thumb
Thumb

Pneumothorax is a buildup of air or gas in the pleural cavity around the lung that causes the lung to collapse. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis, and trauma are the most common causes.

Pleural tumors are cancerous tissues in the pleural cavity. Sometimes, the cause is unknown. Other times, pleural tumors are cancers that have spread from other areas of the body.

Hemothorax is a buildup of blood in the pleural cavity. Chest trauma is the most common cause, but lung and pleural cancer and chest or heart surgery can also cause a hemothorax.

Symptoms of pleural disease also depend upon what type of disease you have.

  • Pleural effusion generally causes no symptoms and, by itself, is not serious.
  • Symptoms of pleurisy may include a sharp pain when breathing, shortness of breath, a cough, fever and chills, rapid breathing, unexplained weight loss, and sore throat followed by joint swelling and soreness.
  • Pneumothorax can cause a sharp pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply, chest tightness, fatigue, a fast heart rate, and a bluish skin color (cyanosis).
  • Symptoms of hemothorax may include chest pain, shortness of breath, respiratory failure, a fast heart rate, anxiety, and restlessness.
  • Pleural tumors are cancerous tissues in the pleural cavity and may cause shortness of breath, chest pain, general discomfort, cough, and unexplained weight loss.